From the March 2016 issue of HealthCare Business News magazine
By: David Pacitti
Roughly half a decade ago, major cardiovascular surgeries required nothing short of opening up the patient’s chest — an action that invited a host of potential complications.
Often, recovery time was extremely slow, and morbidities ran high. Elderly patients, in particular, struggled to heal following aortic valve surgery. And the road back from even more complex repairs of the mitral valve and the left atrial appendage? Those journeys were an even longer and more arduous climb.
But a brave new world is dawning in cardiovascular repair — one illuminated by information that only medical imaging can provide. The groundbreaking procedure known as trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is enabling minimally invasive repair of a damaged aortic valve, with a computed tomography (CT) scan and real-time X-ray imaging, or fluoroscopy, offering physicians a vital land map for this revolutionary treatment option. Also, a CT scan now helps physicians determine whether the patient is even a viable candidate for TAVR, which may spare unnecessary surgery.
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Similarly, a trans-esophageal echocardiogram (TEE) now guides physicians in their repair of the mitral valve and the left atrial appendage by providing highly coveted, minimally invasive access to the left side of the heart, where those delicate structures reside. Clearly, medical imaging is a crucial component of this dynamic new form of cardiovascular care, which can alleviate pain and anguish for patients in addition to shortening hospital stays.
Looking ahead, we can expect medical images to inform cardiovascular surgical procedures on a more routine basis, prompting an unprecedented level of synergy between radiologists, echo-cardiologists and interventional radiologists. Witnessing this blending of medical professionals is exciting for someone like me, who has a long history in the cardiovascular field. But, more significantly, the rise of these new image-guided therapies ushers in a higher quality of care at a time when fewer post-operative complications, reduced cases of infection, more rapid recovery times and more positive patient quality scores are all vitally important for hospitals if they are to survive — and thrive — in the changing U.S. health care landscape.
In addition to this increased incorporation of imaging in cardiovascular surgical procedures, we will see a change in the business structure of cardiovascular care delivery. Providers will be judged not just on the quality of care they provide, but also by the kinds of services they offer. Hospitals that can perform more advanced procedures such as mitral valve and left atrial appendage repair will tout this ability to offer “specialists within a specialty."